Defintion of sustainabilityThe concept of sustainability has been used for several years as a model for a future-proof development of mankind. For the first time the principle of sustainability was formulated about 300 years ago. In 1713 Hans Carl von Carlowitz, chief mining in Freiberg (Saxony), wrote his work "Sylvicultura oeconomica". In it he mentioned that only as much wood should be beaten as could grow back through planned afforestation. Therefore he is considered as Creator of the forestry term sustainability.
As the most widely used definition of sustainability, the definition of sustainable development of the Brundtland Report of the United Nations in 1987 is known. More generally describes sustainable development a development that meets the needs of the present generation while not restricting the ability of future generation. The impetus for the growing awareness among the population about the importance of sustainable development was published in 1972 study "The Limits to Growth" to the Club of Rome. It was the beginning of the scientific debate on the issue of sustainable development.
The concept of sustainable development was first formulated in the Brundtland Report in 1987. Here, the definition was formulated as follows: "Sustainable development meets the needs of the present without Compromising the ability of future generations to meet needs Their Own."
At the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, sustainable development has been enshrined as a guiding concept of the international community in the Rio Declaration and Agenda 21. In other conventions and protocols partly expanding definitions of sustainability and sustainable development were given. For example, in the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol. Sustainability therefore concerned not only with ecological aspects, but has much more to keep the goal of ecological aspects, economic aspects and socio-cultural aspects in balance and harmonize.